PART 103--ULTRALIGHT VEHICLES

 

 

               Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 45-1 [Note]

 

                               Subpart A--General

  Sec.

  103.1  Applicability.

  103.3  Inspection requirements.

  103.5  Waivers.

  103.7  Certification and registration.

 

                           Subpart B--Operating Rules

 

  103.9  Hazardous operations.

  103.11  Daylight operations.

  103.13  Operation near aircraft; right-of-way rules.

  103.15  Operations over congested areas.

  103.17  Operations in certain airspace.

  103.19  Operations in prohibited or restricted areas.

  103.20  Flight restrictions in the proximity of certain areas designated by

      notice to airmen.

  103.21  Visual reference with the surface.

  103.23  Flight visibility and cloud clearance requirements.

 

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. app. 1348, 1354(a), 1421(a), 1422, and 1423; 49

  U.S.C. app. 1655(c).

 

    Source: Docket No. 21631, 47 FR 38776, Sept. 2, 1982, unless otherwise

  noted.

 

                  Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 45-1

 

    Editorial Note: For the text of SFAR No. 45-1, see Part 71 of this

chapter.

 

 

 

                               Subpart A--General

 

 

  Sec. 103.1  Applicability.

 

    This part prescribes rules governing the operation of ultralight vehicles

  in the United States. For the purposes of this part, an ultralight vehicle

  is a vehicle that:

    (a) Is used or intended to be used for manned operation in the air by a

        single occupant;

    (b) Is used or intended to be used for recreation or sport purposes only;

    (c) Does not have any U.S. or foreign airworthiness certificate; and

    (d) If unpowered, weighs less than 155 pounds; or

    (e) If powered:

    (1) Weighs less than 254 pounds empty weight, excluding floats and safety

        devices which are intended for deployment in a potentially catastrophic

        situation;

    (2) Has a fuel capacity not exceeding 5 U.S. gallons;

    (3) Is not capable of more than 55 knots calibrated airspeed at full

        power in level flight; and

    (4) Has a power-off stall speed which does not exceed 24 knots calibrated

        airspeed.

 

 

 

  Sec. 103.3  Inspection requirements.

 

    (a) Any person operating an ultralight vehicle under this part shall,

        upon request, allow the Administrator, or his designee, to inspect 

        the vehicle to determine the applicability of this part.

    (b) The pilot or operator of an ultralight vehicle must, upon request of

        the Administrator, furnish satisfactory evidence that the vehicle is

        subject only to the provisions of this part.

 

 

  Sec. 103.5  Waivers.

 

    No person may conduct operations that require a deviation from this part

  except under a written waiver issued by the Administrator.

 

 

  Sec. 103.7  Certification and registration.

 

    (a) Notwithstanding any other section pertaining to certification of

        aircraft or their parts or equipment, ultralight vehicles and their

        component parts and equipment are not required to meet the airworthiness

        certification standards specified for aircraft or to have certificates

        of airworthiness.

    (b) Notwithstanding any other section pertaining to airman certification,

        operators of ultralight vehicles are not required to meet any aeronautical

        knowledge, age, or experience requirements to operate those vehicles or to

        have airman or medical certificates.

    (c) Notwithstanding any other section pertaining to registration and

        marking of aircraft, ultralight vehicles are not required to be registered

        or to bear markings of any type.

 

 

                           Subpart B--Operating Rules

 

 

  Sec. 103.9  Hazardous operations.

 

    (a) No person may operate any ultralight vehicle in a manner that creates

        a hazard to other persons or property.

    (b) No person may allow an object to be dropped from an ultralight

        vehicle if such action creates a hazard to other persons or property.

 

 

  Sec. 103.11  Daylight operations.

 

    (a) No person may operate an ultralight vehicle except between the hours

        of sunrise and sunset.

    (b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this section, ultralight vehicles

        may be operated during the twilight periods 30 minutes before official

        sunrise and 30 minutes after official sunset or, in Alaska, during the 

        period of civil twilight as defined in the Air Almanac, if:

    (1) The vehicle is equipped with an operating anticollision light visible

        for at least 3 statute miles; and

    (2) All operations are conducted in uncontrolled airspace.

 

 

  Sec. 103.13  Operation near aircraft; right-of-way rules.

 

    (a) Each person operating an ultralight vehicle shall maintain vigilance

        so as to see and avoid aircraft and shall yield the right-of-way to all

        aircraft.

    (b) No person may operate an ultralight vehicle in a manner that creates

        a collision hazard with respect to any aircraft.

    (c) Powered ultralights shall yield the right-of-way to unpowered

        ultralights.

 

 

 

  Sec. 103.15  Operations over congested areas.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle over any congested area of a

  city, town, or settlement, or over any open air assembly of persons.

 

 

  Sec. 103.17   Operations in certain airspace.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle within Class A, Class B,

  Class C, or Class D airspace or within the lateral boundaries of the surface area

  of Class E airspace designated for an airport unless that person has prior

  authorization from the ATC facility having jurisdiction over that airspace.

 

    EFFECTIVE DATE NOTE: Amdt. 103-4, 56 FR 65662, Dec. 17, 1991, revised

  Sec. 103.17 effective September 16, 1993. The text of Sec. 130.17 in effect

  until September 16, 1993 reads as follows:

 

  Sec. 103.17  Operations in certain airspace.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle within an airport traffic

area, control zone, airport radar service area, terminal control area, or

positive control area unless that person has prior authorization from the air

traffic control facility having jurisdiction over that airspace.

 

  [Doc. No. 23708, 50 FR 9259, Mar. 6, 1985]

 

 

  56 FR 65638, No. 242, Dec. 17, 1991

 

    SUMMARY: This final rule amends the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) to

  adopt certain recommendations of the National Airspace Review (NAR)

  concerning changes to regulations and procedures in regard to airspace

  classifications. These changes are intended to: (1) Simplify airspace

  designations; (2) achieve international commonality of airspace

  designations; (3) increase standardization of equipment requirements for

  operations in various classifications of airspace; (4) describe appropriate 

  pilot certificate requirements, visual flight rules (VFR) visibility and

  distance from cloud rules, and air traffic services offered in each class of

  airspace; and (5) satisfy the responsibilities of the United States as a member

  of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The final rule also

  amends the requirement for minimum distance from clouds in certain airspace 

  areas and the requirements for communications with air traffic control (ATC) in

  certain airspace areas; eliminates airport radar service areas (ARSAs),

  control zones, and terminal control areas (TCAs) as airspace

  classifications; and eliminates the term "airport traffic area." The FAA 

  believes simplified airspace classifications will reduce existing airspace 

  complexity and thereby enhance safety.

 

    EFFECTIVE DATE: These regulations become effective September 16, 1993,

  except that Secs. 11.61(c), 91.215(d), 71.601, 71.603, 71.605, 71.607, and

  71.609 and Part 75 become effective December 12, 1991, and except that

  amendatory instruction number 20, Sec. 71.1, is effective as of December 17,

  1991 through September 15, 1993, and that Secs. 71.11 and 71.19 become

  effective October 15, 1992. The incorporation by reference of FAA Order

  7400.7 in Sec. 71.1 (amendatory instruction number 20) is approved by the

  Director of the Federal Register as of December 17, 1991, through September

  15, 1993. The incorporation by reference of FAA Order 7400.9 in Sec. 71.1

  (amendatory instruction number 24) is approved by the Director of the

  Federal Register as of September 16, 1993 through September 15, 1994.

 

 

  Sec. 103.19  Operations in prohibited or restricted areas.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle in prohibited or restricted

  areas unless that person has permission from the using or controlling

  agency, as appropriate.

 

 

  Sec. 103.20  Flight restrictions in the proximity of certain areas

  designated by notice to airmen.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle in areas designated in a

Notice to Airmen under Sec. 91.143 or Sec. 91.141 of this chapter, unless

authorized by ATC.

 

  [Doc. No. 24454, 50 FR 4969, Feb. 5, 1985, as amended by Amdt. 103-3, 54 FR

  34331, Aug. 18, 1989]

 

    Effective Date Note: At 54 FR 34331, August 18, 1989, Sec. 103.20 was

  amended by changing the cross reference "Sec. 91.102 or Sec. 91.104" to

  read "Sec. 91.143 or Sec. 91.141", effective August 18, 1990.

 

 

  Sec. 103.21  Visual reference with the surface.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle except by visual reference

with the surface.

 

 

  Sec. 103.23   Flight visibility and cloud clearance requirements.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle when the flight visibility or

  distance from clouds is less than that in the table found below. All

  operations in Class A, Class B, Class C, and Class D airspace or Class E

  airspace designated for an airport must receive prior ATC authorization as

  required in Sec. 103.17 of this part.

 

                                        Flight

              Airspace                visibility        Distance from clouds

 

  Class A                           Not applicable   Not Applicable.

  Class B                           3 statute miles  Clear of Clouds.

  Class C                           3 statute miles  500 feet below.

                                                     1,000 feet above.

                                                     2,000 feet horizontal.

  Class D                           3 statute miles  500 feet below.

                                                     1,000 feet above.

                                                     2,000 feet horizontal.

  Class E:

   Less than 10,000 feet MSL        3 statute miles  500 feet below.

                                                     1,000 feet above.

                                                     2,000 feet horizontal.

   At or above 10,000 feet MSL      5 statute miles  1,000 feet below.

                                                     1,000 feet above.

                                                     1 statute mile horizontal.

  Class G:

   1,200 feet or less above the 

   surface (regardless of MSL

    altitude)                       1 statute mile   Clear of clouds.

   More than 1,200 feet above the

    surface but less than 10,000

    feet MSL                        1 statute mile   500 feet below.

                                                     1,000 feet above.

                                                     2,000 feet horizontal.

   More than 1,200 feet above the

    surface and at or above 10,000

    feet MSL                        5 statute miles  1,000 feet below.

                                                     1,000 feet above.

                                                     1 statute mile horizontal.

 

    EFFECTIVE DATE NOTE: Amdt. 103-4, 56 FR 65662, Dec. 17, 1991, revised

  Sec. 103.23 effective September 16, 1993. The text of Sec. 103.23 in effect

  until September 16, 1993 reads as follows:

 

 

  Sec. 103.23  Flight visibility and cloud clearance requirements.

 

    No person may operate an ultralight vehicle when the flight visibility or

  distance from clouds is less than that in the following table, as

  appropriate:

 

                                     Minimum

                                      flight

                                    visibility

          Flight altitudes             /1/       Minimum distance from clouds

 

   1,200 feet or less above the

    surface regardless of MSL

    altitude:

    (1) Within controlled airspace           3  500 feet below, 1,000 feet above, 2,000 feet horizontal.

    (2) Outside controlled airspace          1  Clear of clouds.

   More than 1,200 feet above the

    surface but less than 10,000

    feet MSL:

    (1) Within controlled airspace           3  500 feet below, 1,000 feet above, 2,000 feet horizontal.

    (2) Outside controlled airspace          1  500 feet below, 1,000 feet

   More than 1,200 feet above the           5  1,000 feet below, 1,000 feet

    surface and at or above 10,000               above, 1 statute milehorizontal

    feet MSL                                

 

   /1/ Statute miles.

 

 

  56 FR 65638, No. 242, Dec. 17, 1991

 

    SUMMARY: This final rule amends the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) to

  adopt certain recommendations of the National Airspace Review (NAR)

  concerning changes to regulations and procedures in regard to airspace

  classifications. These changes are intended to: (1) Simplify airspace

  designations; (2) achieve international commonality of airspace

  designations; (3) increase standardization of equipment requirements for

  operations in various classifications of airspace; (4) describe appropriate 

  pilot certificate requirements, visual flight rules (VFR) visibility and

  distance from cloud rules, and air traffic services offered in each class of

  airspace; and (5) satisfy the responsibilities of the United States as a member

  of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The final rule also

  amends the requirement for minimum distance from clouds in certain airspace 

  areas and the requirements for communications with air traffic control (ATC) 

  in certain airspace areas; eliminates airport radar service areas (ARSAs),

  control zones, and terminal control areas (TCAs) as airspace

  classifications; and eliminates the term "airport traffic area." The FAA 

  believes simplified airspace classifications will reduce existing airspace 

  complexity and thereby enhance safety.

 

    EFFECTIVE DATE: These regulations become effective September 16, 1993,

  except that Secs. 11.61(c), 91.215(d), 71.601, 71.603, 71.605, 71.607, and

  71.609 and Part 75 become effective December 12, 1991, and except that

  amendatory instruction number 20, Sec. 71.1, is effective as of December 17,

  1991 through September 15, 1993, and that Secs. 71.11 and 71.19 become

  effective October 15, 1992. The incorporation by reference of FAA Order

  7400.7 in Sec. 71.1 (amendatory instruction number 20) is approved by the

  Director of the Federal Register as of December 17, 1991, through September

  15, 1993. The incorporation by reference of FAA Order 7400.9 in Sec. 71.1

  (amendatory instruction number 24) is approved by the Director of the

  Federal Register as of September 16, 1993 through September 15, 1994.